HISTORY OF AFRO-PERUVIANS (HISTORIA DE AFROPERUANOS)
Peru is geographically located on the western side of South America’s Pacific Coast whose immediate neighbors are Chile and Ecuador. It was surprising to know that Afro-Peruvians only make up about 5% of the population which is about 3 million in total. This is an approximate figure because Peru has not been a census report taken by the government since the 1940’s and the word “race” was not included in the report. The coastal areas where Afro-Peruvians are mostly located include Yapatera, Zana, El Carmen, and Morropon. They have had a presence there since their African ancestors began arriving to the coastal regions of Peru in 1534 from Senegal, Guinea, Nigeria, Ghana, Congo, Angola and Mozambique during the Spanish rule to work on plantations.